It is one of the words that we have the most dilemma in. Which one do we use? We call it “freight elevator” in our designations in our offers. “How much money do you build an elevator with the following travel distance or in how many days do you manufacture it.” We say exactly that. “This lift will be at this price”. The elevator is manufactured within the following day, and then we mount the elevator. However, it is necessary to use the terminology well, make the definitions correctly and go to the right conclusion.
We can easily explain the following without making many book explanations that “The elevator is a vehicle used for transporting loads and people vertically or horizontally.”
In the definitions section of the Elevator Regulation (95/16 / EC) published in the Official newspaper dated 31.01.2007 and numbered 26420, the lift is defined as follows:
It has a fixed cabinet that serves at certain levels and moves along rails forming an angle of more than 15 degrees to the horizontal; a) People, b) People and cargo, c) If the cabin is accessible, that is, if a person can enter the cabin without difficulty and is equipped with controls within the cabin or within the reach of the person inside the cabin,They are merely devices for transporting loads. In order to be considered within the scope of the Elevator Regulation (95/16 / EC), a lift that is not included in the scope and will be installed in buildings and constructions for continuous use must meet the conditions detailed below.
2.1. SERVICE AT SPECIFIC LEVELS
This means that the lift to be installed must move between fixed, predetermined levels (floors) from which people can get on or off the car. In other words, the elevator to be included in the scope should provide transportation between at least two fixed and determined levels (floors). Elevators intended to reach positions of certain heights but not designed according to predetermined floors are outside the scope of the Elevator Regulation (95/16 / EC).
2.2. FIXED RAILS In general, the cars of the elevators covered by the Elevator Regulation (95/16 / EC) move along non-flexible guides. However, paragraph b of the second article of the Regulation; It also included elevators (such as scissor elevators) that move along a fixed distance, even if they do not move along fixed rails.
2.3. MOVING ALONG THE RAILS FORMING AN ANGLE MORE THAN 15 DEGREES TO THE HORIZON The Elevator Directive (95/16 / AT) is applied to elevators with fixed guides forming an angle of more than 15 degrees with the horizontal. For example, inclined elevators that meet these conditions are installations that serve buildings and constructions and should not be considered within the scope of cable installation. In cases where the angle with the horizontal is less than 15 degrees, these types of installations are covered by the Machinery Directive.
2.4. OWNING A CABINET Each elevator to be considered within the scope of the Elevator Regulation (95/16 / AT) must have a car. Generally, the car can be described as a piece of equipment that protects people or people and goods carried by the elevator. In the section of the Regulation explaining the Basic Safety Requirements; There are provisions that “elevator cabins must be completely closed with full-length walls, including fixed ceiling and floor, except for ventilation openings, and have full-length doors.”
2.5. IF PEOPLE, PEOPLE AND LOADS CAN REACH THE CABIN, BECAUSE SOMEONE CAN ENTER THE CABINET WITHOUT DIFFICULTY, AND THE PERSON IN THE CABINET OR INSIDE THE CABINET SHOULD BE CARRIED IN THE RANGE OF THE CABINET.
In order for an elevator to be considered within the scope of the Elevator Regulation (95/16 / AT); If people or people and their cargo are accessible, that is, if a person can enter the cabin without difficulty and is equipped with controls located within the cabin or within the reach of the person in the cabin, they must have the purpose of carrying only the goods. The point to be considered here,In elevators intended to carry loads only, if the cabin is accessible by people and the controls of the elevator are accessible in the cabin or from inside the cabin, then the elevator is within the scope of the Elevator Regulation (95/16 / EC). On the other hand, elevators that are not accessible by persons but only intended to carry freight, and elevators that are accessible by persons for loading and unloading intended to carry goods, and whose controls are outside the cabin and cannot be accessed from inside the cabin are covered by the Machinery Directive. ***
“Quoted from CME (Chamber of Mechanical Engineers).”